Project Details - Full Facts for Selected Year

Parent Project: Managing Important Components of Intensive Production Systems in Soybean
Checkoff Organization:Kansas Soybean Commission
Categories:Crop management systems
Project Title (This Year):Managing Important Components of Intensive Production Systems in Soybean
NCSRP, USB, QSSB Project Code:
Project Year:2016
Lead Principal Investigator:Jim Long (Kansas State University)
Co-Principal Investigators:
Keywords:

Contributions

Contributing OrganizationAmount
Kansas Soybean Commission $41,150.00

Funding

Funded InstitutionAmount
Kansas State University $41,150.00

Information and Results

Click a section heading to display its contents.

Project Summary

Procedures
Objective 1: Replicated field work will be in the 3rd year to evaluate differences in genetic potential of soybean varieties in intensive production systems. Limited research trials have shown that some varieties have responded to whole plant health / intensive management while others have not. Also, we do not know if this response is a result of physiology of the plant, growth habit (i.e. determinate vs. indeterminate), or a difference in response at growth stages (i.e. vegetative or reproductive stages). Another aspect of this objective will be to work with industry to develop novel or more useful field assessment methods of treatments on plant stand, plant growth and development, and yield component testing. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. Greenhouse and field evaluation of varieties will be conducted. The objective will be to determine if there are genetic differences that affect final grain yield which can be exploited by producers and industry. Samples will be taken throughout the life of the soybean, especially during late vegetative and early reproductive growth stages to determine genetic effects on early growth, yield components such as number of pods, and then final yield. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. Seventeen varieties have been increased for additional testing next year.

Objective 2: Replicated field work was initiated to determine the BMP’s for using fungicides and insecticides in intensive management of soybean. One of the questions that came up in current commission funded research was whether a producer could use older low-cost products during some stages of intensive management. If low-cost alternatives were not effective or did not contain latest technical advances would they actually decrease the overall effectiveness of the growing system? This research will enable us to develop BMPs that are built on sound agronomic and economic practices. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. Studies will be harvested in late October or early November of 2015.

Objective 3: Replicated field work was initiated to evaluate some simple practices that I think high yield producers are using to get maximum yield. One of these is the use of products that either stimulate growth, mimic plant growth regulators or are actually plant hormones. Another would be the use of products that stimulate protective responses within the plant that alter their physiology and make them more disease resistant. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. These studies will also be harvested in November.

Objective 4: Replicated field work was initiated to determine maximum yield potential for soybean within years and across years under irrigation and non-irrigated conditions. Gaps in maximum yield research still exist due to drought in the central plains region of the USA two of the past three years. Soybean were drilled in 7 inch rows and will be harvested in November.

Objective 5. Replicated field work with simple spray additives like sugar and aspirin will be initiated to evaluate their effect on fungicide efficacy and overall health of the plant including growth and disease incidence and severity. In addition trials will be taken to yield and yield components will be determined. . All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. These studies will also be harvested in November.

Objective 6. Replicated field work with added nitrogen will be initiated to evaluate its effect on the plant including growth and plant yield components. There will be two applications made, one early to determine if an early boost in growth is seen and a late application at pod set to determine if we can use nitrogen fertility to increase pod set. In addition trials will be taken to yield and yield components will be determined. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. These studies will also be harvested in November.

Objective 7. . Replicated field work will be conducted to evaluate an overall package of treatments to determine the most efficient and cost effective system of soybean production. Emphasis will be on controlling overall cost of the whole system. These will include the packages effects on the plant including growth and plant yield components. In addition trials will be taken to yield and yield components will be determined. All data will be run through statistical programs to determine differences and information will be made available to the public through all available media. These studies will also be harvested in November.

Objective 8. Information delivery systems are integral to the use of this data. I propose to not only use traditional and strategic systems like extension but am going to attempt to put information into web based programming to increase visibility and usability to the soybean farmer wherever they are, either in the office or field. The ability to immediately access information is my goal.

Project Objectives

Project Deliverables

Progress of Work

Update:
Third Quarterly Report for Kansas Soybean Commission 12-15-2016
Managing Important Components of Intensive Production Systems in Soybean.
James H. Long Ph.D.
Activity for the quarter ending November 30, 2016 in the project included taking plant samples, and combining plots while implementing plans for 8 objectives in the proposal. Plots are now harvested and plot and data analysis has begun.
Objective 1 - Genetic Potential for Response.
Twenty varieties with varying response to charcoal rot are compared to determine their potential under both conventional (check) and intensive management. Seed are planted and will be compared season long. All maturities are mature with harvest done. Charcoal ratings will be conducted after harvest. Maturities ranged from early MG IV to MG VI.
Objective 2 – BMP’s for fungicides.
A second study with a variety that responds to intensive management has different treatments at V3/4 and at R2/3. These treatments will then be afforded maximum yield by other intensive management techniques. Each treatment will be compared to a no treatment check. Treatment effects on plant health, grain yield, and charcoal rot will be assessed during the season. Plots are harvested.
Objective 3 – PGR use on soybean .
Another study will be planted and treatments completed that will compare PGR use on soybean to enhance soybean growth especially early in the season. In addition early application and late application of N fertilizer will be evaluated with this study. All plots are now harvested and data analysis is being done.
Objective 4. - Continue high Yield work under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. This study will be planted and treated to compare intensive management under irrigation in Kansas. Soybean have grown rapidly and many plants now have 5 and 6 pods per node. Coupled with high populations the irrigated soybean are now harvested with high yields expected.
Objective 5. - Explore the use of novel compounds like sugar and aspirin added to spray components to determine if there is an effect and what that effect might be. These compounds have been applied and plots are now harvested and data analysis is being conducted.
Objective 6. - Explore the use of added nitrogen to a high yielding environment and determine the effect if possible See objective number 3 as this will be done with that objective. Plots are now harvested and data is being analysed.
Objective 7. - Put a complete package of treatments together and see if effects are merely additive or are synergistic. The key to the complete package is component and overall cost. This will be done with several studies that have comprehensive treatment plans in them. All treatments have been applied and are looking good. Plots are in R4 growth stage.
Objective 8. - Work on new delivery methods of research data for my project and determine if it is applicable to other projects. I have begun work with a computer programmer to determine best methods of data delivery. These include data delivery through incorporation into existing web pages, development of new web pages, and application development for both computer and phone delivery. We are currently uploading information to the national web site.

View uploaded report

Update:

View uploaded report

Final Project Results

Benefit to Soybean Farmers

Performance Metrics

Project Years

YearProject Title (each year)
2016Managing Important Components of Intensive Production Systems in Soybean
2016Managing important components of intensive production systems in soybean (2016)
2015Managing important components of intensive production systems in soybean