Project Details:

Soybean planting date and tillage interactions for variable rate seeding across management zones

Parent Project: Soybean planting date and tillage interactions for variable rate seeding across management zones
Checkoff Organization:Michigan Soybean Promotion Committee
Categories:Soil and tillage management, Crop management systems
Organization Project Code:18-27
Project Year:2018
Lead Principal Investigator:Missy Bauer (B&M Crop Consulting)
Co-Principal Investigators:

Contributing Organizations

Funding Institutions

Information and Results

Comprehensive project details are posted online for three-years only, and final reports indefinitely. For more information on this project please contact this state soybean organization.

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Final Project Results

Updated October 14, 2019:

The early planting date increased yields on average 3.1 to 4.8 bu/ac. The earlier planting dates resulted in reaching 75% emergence 10 to 19 days sooner than the late planting date. The V1 growth stage was reached 7 to 16 days sooner than the late planting. The sooner V1 is reached the more opportunity for a higher total number of nodes on a plant. The early planting dates increased canopy closure 4.6 to 15 days sooner than the late planting dates. An earlier calendar date of canopy closure will improve total light capture and potentially lead to increased yields. The number of pods and seeds per plant was increased in 3 out of the 4 site locations with the early planting date compared to late planting. The increase in pods came from an increase in nodes per plant or an increase in the number of pods per node depending on the location. In the one site year location where pods and seeds per plant were not increased with early planting date, final populations were a driving factor instead.

Vertical tillage increased yields in both the early and late planting date averaging 2.0 bu/ac across the site year locations. The early planting date averaged 4.1 bu/ac increase across the locations in 2017 and 2018. The overall objective was to determine if the VRA prescription should be changed based on planting date and tillage. The best economical treatment across the site year locations was early planting with vertical tillage and the lower average population (VRA B). In comparing early planting vertical tillage with VRA B to planting late in no-till with VRA B; yields increased an average of 6.7 bu/ac across the site year locations. If planting late, vertical tillage and higher populations were important and increased yields an average of 3.2 bu/ac compared to no-till with lower populations. Population should be adjusted based on planting date by increasing population with later dates. Tillage was not consistently influenced by population. However, in the late planting dates, the no-till treatments did have higher yields with VRA A prescription but it was not always economical. Although in 2017, which was a cooler early growing season, it was economical to have the higher prescription in no-till with the late planting date.

Project Years