Project Details:

Title:
Soybean Production Systems to Control Charcoal Rot and Other Soil-Borne Diseases

Parent Project: Soybean Production Systems to Control Charcoal Rot and Other Soil-Borne Diseases
Checkoff Organization:Kansas Soybean Commission
Categories:Soybean diseases
Organization Project Code:1873
Project Year:2018
Lead Principal Investigator:Gretchen Sassenrath (Kansas State University)
Co-Principal Investigators:
Xiaomao Lin (Kansas State University)
Christopher Little (Kansas State University)
Kraig Roozeboom (Kansas State University)
Keywords: Charcoal Rot, Cover Crops, management system, soil-borne disease, Soybean

Contributing Organizations

Funding Institutions

Information and Results

Comprehensive project details are posted online for three-years only, and final reports indefinitely. For more information on this project please contact this state soybean organization.

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Final Project Results

Updated September 17, 2020:
A high-glucosinolate mustard with biofumigant properties reduced the population levels in soil and in soybean plants of the fungus (Macrophomina phaseolina) that causes charcoal rot. In this study, management practices that incorporate use of mustard as a cover crop in soybean production systems were tested. Results indicate that tillage increases the charcoal rot fungus. The mustard cover crop was tested in field studies for its impact on soil
health, fungal disease and propagules, and soybean growth and yield.

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This research indicates the potential for use of the mustard as a cover crop to control soil-borne disease in soybean. The mustard cover crop can significantly reduce the disease pressure. Greater improvements in disease pressure are observed for management practices that maintain the cover crop residue. More research is needed to further delineate changes in soil health parameters with mustard cover crops and management practices.

Project Years